Git – Version Control System
Version control system is a software that helps developers to work together and maintain a complete history of their work.
Below are the functions of version control system:
Allows developers to work simultaneously
Does not allow overwriting each other’s changes.
Maintains a history of every version.
Advantages of Git
Git is released under GPL’s open source license
Fast and Small : As most of the operations are performed locally, it gives a huge benefit in terms of speed. Git does not rely on the central server; that is why, there is no need to interact with the remote server for every operation.
Git mirrors entire repository, the size of the data on the client side is small. This illustrates the efficiency of Git at compressing and storing data on the client side.
Implicit backup : The chances of losing data are very rare when there are multiple copies of it. Data present on any client side mirrors the repository, hence it can be used in the event of a crash or disk corruption.
Security : Every file and commit is check-summed and retrieved by its checksum at the time of checkout. It implies that, it is impossible to change file, date, and commit message and any other data from the Git database without knowing Git.